What are they?

FODMAP stands for Fermentable Oligosaccharides Disaccharides Monosaccharides and Polyols. Which is just science speak for a group of carbohydrates that are now known to put the ‘irritable’ in irritable bowel.

What else do I need to know?

Within the FODMAP group, the different types of carbohydrates are:

  • Fructans
  • Galacto-oligosaccharides
  • Lactose
  • Fructose
  • Sorbitol
  • Mannitol

These are present in a wide range of foods, which is what makes the first stage of the FODMAP diet – the low FODMAP stage – quite restrictive. But cutting out high FODMAP foods could be the key to managing your symptoms.

Why do these carbohydrates cause problems?

FODMAPs cause bowel symptoms mainly because they are poorly absorbed in the small bowel. This causes 2 problems:

  1. Water gets drawn into the bowel, which can lead to distension and diarrhoea, and/or
  2. The poorly absorbed carbohydrates are fermented by the bacteria in the large bowel. This produces gases, and causes bloating, wind, distension and altered bowels.

Where are these FODMAPs found?

FODMAPs are found in a wide range of foods. Get an overview here. You will find many sites providing this information. You may notice some contradictions between sources. Whichever source of support you go for, try to be consistent – that is, don’t chop and change between lists. But the absolute best source of information is you – your symptoms, or lack of them, after eating certain foods is the best guide of all.

Want to get started?

Contact me. After all, the sooner you start, the sooner you get symptom free!

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